Libyan reforms need to accelerate women’s rights to succeed
February 18, 2011 § Leave a comment
As political unrest and media focus shifts to Libya, I hope the current protests and calls for political reform also form a basis to improve women’s freedoms in the country. Following the detention of an outspoken government critic, violent protests have left many dead and injured – a very rare show of aggression in a normally quiet country. A newspaper connected to one of Libyan leader Col Muammar Gaddafi’s sons showed the police station in al-Bayda on fire. The newspaper’s website has since been closed down. In a media environment like that, it’s hard to tell exactly what’s going on. There are reports of killings, there are reports of government forces opening fire on protestors.
As the longest-serving leader in the Arab world, Colonel Gadaffi has his influence in every aspect of Libyan life and government. And, since he came to power, some of the changes in the country have been positive – he even appointed female bodyguards as a sign of the changing world. The women’s lib movement came fairly late to Libya, with the movement really taking off a few years ago – this is a great story about the first female pilot in the country, for example. And female teachers are not allowed to teach with their faces entirely covered.
But still, only 22% of the workforce are women, and the male relatives of women still have a massive influence over women’s choices in life. Sexual harrasment can be a problem frequently experienced by women in the country – see this post on one woman’s experience.
Libya has also ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), but has ominously filed formal reservations to exempt itself from having to comply with several provisions – which rather defeats the point of signing up at all.
Women’s organisations need to be involved in the decisons made about governing the country in the future, whether that involves a new leader or not. There are some good laws in place - the country’s leaders need to see them through into practice to give Libyan women the equality they have been edging towards.
- Libya’s regime must now fear its people’s anger | Muhammad min Libya (guardian.co.uk)
- Factbox – Key facts about Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi (reuters.com)